A 20-YEAR-OLD AMATEUR WON THE 1913 U.S. OPEN AND, IN THE PROCESS, INVENTED GOLF AS HIGH DRAMA
When amateur Francis Ouimet won the 1913 U.S. Open at The Country Club, 50 years had elapsed since the Battle of Gettysburg, and 87 years had come and gone since the deaths of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams on the same day in 1826. As you read this, 109 years have passed since Ouimet whipped Harry Vardon and Ted Ray in Brookline, Mass.
In 1913,J. P. Morgan, his nose and Harriet Tubman all died, and Bear Bryant, Jimmy Hoffa, Vince Lombardi, John “the Frozen Tundra” Facenda, Jesse Owens and Richard Nixon were born. Ouimet was 20 years old, hatched 10 years before Ford Motor Company was founded and debuted its Model A.
The first World Series was played the same year, and, while the R&A’s Open Championship was contested for the 53rd time in 1913, golf had only been played in a semi-organized fashion in the United States for 25 years.
The previous two paragraphs are not auditioning for a role in a Ken Burns documentary, but, rather, pointing out that Ouimet won the 19th U.S. Open during the antiquity of golf in the U.S. His accomplishment on that long-ago September Saturday took place on a rain-soaked track two months prior to the Wright brothers’ first flight—and yet, it is still the beat ing heart of what modern-day players and fans feel every time a U.S. Ryder Cup team takes the field, or when Tiger Woods holes a chip at the 16th hole at Augusta National and it registers on the Richter scale, or when we collectively punch a hole in the sky to the tune of Verne Lundquist’s greatest hit (“Yes, sirrrrrr!”) as Jack Nicklaus one final time splatters our souls with goose bumps as a wobbly birdie putt falls on Sunday atAugusta’s 17th green.
Realize it or not, Ouimet’s U.S. Open win at The Country Club in 1913 is what you’re blown away by in those rare moments when championship golf is ethereal. You see, in the age of Henry Ford and Orville and Wilbur Wright, Francis Ouimet also invented something: golf as epic drama.
In Ouimet’s story, as is often told, he is a caddie at The Country Club and just fiddles with the game, sneaking on the course when no one is looking. Out of nowhere, the U.S. Open falls in his backyard. Unknown and brimming with pluck, he wins over the local toffs who allow him to play in the national championship. He is David to Harry Vardon’s Goliath and Stan Laurel toTed Ray’s Oliver Hardy. Ouimet is out plucked only by his 10 year old sage on the bag, Eddie Lowery.
Closer to the truth is that in the very small community of superb golfers in the U.S. at the time, Ouimet was a rising star—he was also a junior member at Woodland Golf Club, about seven miles from The Country Club and the Ouimet family home on Clyde Street in Brookline.
Three weeks before the U.S. Open at The Country Club, Ouimet was nearly a medalist during the two-round U.S. Amateur, qualifying at Garden City Golf Club, in Long Island, N.Y. Before match play began, the New York Times noted that “a new factor in national golf was developed yesterday at Garden City…the winning of the medal for the lowest score in the [first] round…was a noteworthy victory for Mr. Francis Ouimet…hitherto little known in these parts…he has been in national tournaments before but has never been a factor…” In short, Ouimet didn’t come out of nowhere; he’d been aiming and trying to win at the highest level since he won the 1909 Boston Interscholastic Golf Championship. At Garden City, his level of play was exceptional, despite a second-round loss to eventual champ Jerry Travers. Wrote Bernard Darwin of the Ouimet v. Travers dustup at Garden City: “I have scarcely ever seen a match between two amateurs in which the play went on hole after hole with so few mistakes and so many brilliant shots; there were, too, so many deadly thrusts by one party, met with such unwavering parries by the other, and neither man ever cracked or even weakened.”
About 8,000 spectators turned out to see the 18-hole playoff on Saturday, September 21, 1913. That’s quite a mob to watch a game most of them likely knew little about. Very likely, the locals were spurred by this front-page headline in the Boston Daily Globe: “IT IS OUIMET AGAINST GREAT BRITAIN’S BEST IN PLAYOFF. America’s Hopes Now Lie in Amateur. Professionals All Fail at Country Club. National Golf Title at Stake Today.”
That it was a Saturday helped the turnout in support of Ouimet, but you’ve surely heard timing is everything. In 1911 and 1912, professional John McDermott became the first American to win the U.S. Open, and the runners-up both years were also American. Outside the tiny world of golf, no one much noticed. Ouimet, however, had John Bull as a foe. Harry Vardon was the preeminent member of the Great Triumvirate, 15 a trio that combined to haul in 16 Claret Jugs 16 from 1894 to 1914. He was in the U.S. on a promotional tour, and it was his first appearance at the U.S. Open since he’d won the title in 1900 at Chicago Golf Club. Ted Ray, to speak plainly, was no Harry Vardon, but he’d won the 1912 Open Championship. 17 With home cooking 18 and the locals on his side, young Ouimet made short work of Vardon and Ray in the play off, carding 72 to Vardon’s 77 and Ray’s 78. 19 Seasoned vets Vardon and Ray took it in stride. Both thought Ouimet would show some nerves and they would pounce, but the kid was rock steady all day.
“I wonder,” wrote one reporter, “what were the expressions on the faces of the Englishmen at home when they read on the bulletin boards of the newspapers or heard in their clubs of the outcome of the play off. I can imagine that those who read the news through spectacles or eyeglasses wondered if the oculists had done something in the grinding process to make those glasses read topsy-turvy, and that those who read without glasses thought it was about time to getthem.”
After dispatching Vardon and Ray, and escaping the hoopla, Ouimet spent the evening at the theater. The next morning, he went to church and spent the day at home with his family until they had dinner together. A writer who joined them noted that Ouimet’s father reprimanded the new U.S. Open champion a few times for goofing around with his siblings.
The following year, 1914, the mild-mannered Ouimet achieved his primary ambition in golf: He won the U.S. Amateur in a 6 and 5 final over Travers at Ekwanok Country Clubin Manchester,Vt. In 1931, he won the Amateur again ina 6 and 5 final at Beverly Country Club in Chicago. In 1961, Ouimet become the first American to be named captain of the R&A, closing a loop that began with his win in 1913 at The Country Club.
Upon his death in September 1967—54 years to the week of his epic match against Travers in the 1913 U.S. Amateur the NewYork Times noted “that [1913U.S.Open] victory by a slim 20-year-old amateur furnished front-page news for newspapers through out the world. Over night, Ouimet became a new sports hero as he brought attention to a game that had previously created little international interest.
1 July 4, 1826, in fact, which is easily the wildest thing in U.S. history. Although the true historians among you know that July 2, 1776, is when the “declaration of independency” (as Jefferson and Adams called it) was signed by delegates in Philadelphia.
2. Also born seven months later: future FBI agent Mark Felt. Better known to history as “Deep Throat,” Felt was the primary source of information to the Washington Post’s Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein during Nixon’s Watergate scandal.
3. The origins of organized golf in the U.S. are generally ascribed to the founding of Saint And rew’s Golf Club in Yonkers, N.Y. in 1888. The game was played prior to that in other places in the U.S., but the “Apple Tree Gang” in Yonkers gets the nod for having something resembling a club (as opposed to just a golf course). Emigrant Scots John Reid and Robert Lockhart, in particular, are oft cited as the “fathers of American
golf.” Saint Andrew’s was a founding member club of the USGA in December 1894 along with The Country Club, Shinnecock Hills, Chicago Golf Club and Newport Country Club.
4. Lowery went on to make millions as a Lincoln Mercury dealer in San Francisco (where he employed a young Ken Venturi). He also eventually became a member at Cypress Point, California Club, Thunderbird, Seminole, San Francisco GC and Augusta National.
5. Forget superb in Philadelphia, a hotbed of golf, there were 800 golfers of any kind with handicaps in 1912. Among them was A.W. Tillinghast with a sporty 6.
6 . He joined the club in 1910 while still in high school because he knew club affiliation was necessary to play in the U.S. Amateur. He borrowed the $25 membership fee from his mother and took a summer job working in a dry-goods store to repay her.
7 .The house at 246 Clyde Street is still a private home and is indeed on the same street as The Country Club.
8 Late in the day, Chick Evans, out of Chicago, came home in 31 to pip Ouimet. Today, the two biggest caddie scholarship funds in the U.S. are named after Evans and Ouimet.
9 The U.S. Amateur was at The Country Club in 1910, the first time he tried to qualify (and why he borrowed $25 from his mother to join Woodland). He also tried and failed to qualify for match play at the 1911 (Apawamis Club, Rye, N.Y.) and 1912 (Chicago Golf Club) U.S. Amateurs. In each of his first three tries, he missed qualifying by one stroke.
10. The world’s first golf writer of note (and still one of a handful of truly great ones), grandson of Charles Darwin, a leading expert on Charles Dickens’ work and captain of the R&A in 1934.
11. Among the spectators during the week was William Howard “Big Bill” Taft, whose presidential administration ended in March 1913. He was the first president to be an enthusiastic golfer and the first to turn up at a major golf event.
12. The first four rounds were played on Thursday and Friday 36 holes each day.
13. The referee for the match was USGA Secretary John Reid Jr., son of the cofounder of Saint Andrew’s in Yonkers.
14. The crowd was obviously pulling for Ouimet and was occasionally overzealous. But, to be fair, fans at tournaments in Britain back then sometimes behaved boorishly too. Golf fandom was still in its infancy.
15. J.H. Taylor and James Braid rounded out the Triumvirate. Taylor also played in the 1900 U.S.
Open, finishing second to Vardon, and was in the 1913 field. He finished T-30 at Brookline in his second and final appearance in the U.S. Open. Braid never played in the U.S. Open.
16. The trophy presented to the winner of the British Open starting in 1872.
17. Ray made other headlines that week in 1913. On Thursday night, at the Copley Square Hotel, he gave fellow English pro Wilfred Reid two good shots to the schnoz. “A couple of well directed right-handed smashes on the nose, delivered with the full force of 220 pounds of bone and muscle…” is how the Globe described it.
18. Ouimet’s mom said “she couldn’t resist the temptation” to walk across the street to the 17th hole on Friday and see how her son was getting along. Swept up in the energy, she stayed with the crowd for the 18th hole too. Only after Francis holed out and was carried away by the crowd did she realize she was wearing her house dress.
19. Both played in one more U.S. Open. In 1920, Ray won at the Inverness Club in Toledo. Vardon finished second.
Ouimet was the
Far left: Overcoated
pose with the lucky
winner (back) and
his wee looper
(front) after a
left: Vardon (left)
and Ray were
savvy vets and